Restricting animal products while increasing healthy plant-based foods intake facilitates the prevention of type 2 diabetes, according to a new study published by the journal Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, and epublished by the U.S. National Institute of Health.
“Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a frequent disorder largely preventable”, states the study’s abstract. “The aim of this review was to summarize information on the association between dietary habits and the risk of developing T2D.”
For the study, researchers conducted a comprehensive literature search using the PubMed database from its inception to June, 2019. Articles were restricted to those written in English and concerning human subjects, and relevant manuscripts found in the list of references of the retrieved articles were also used in preparation for the review.
“Animal protein consumption increases the risk of T2D independently of body mass index”, states the study. “Intake of both unprocessed meat and processed meat is strongly and consistently associated with increased risk of developing T2D. In contrast, consumption of high-quality vegetable foods prevents the disease.”
High-quality plant foods include “whole grains, nuts, legumes, fruits, and vegetables.”
Among less healthy plant-based foods are “fruit juices, sweetened beverages, refined grains, potatoes, sweets, and desserts.”
Researchers found that “Carbohydrate-restricted diets that encourage consumption of animal products promote T2D.”, and “Low intake of animal products is linked to high educational level so that well-informed individuals tend to consume diets with elevated content of vegetable food.”
According to the American Dietetic Association, “appropriately planned vegetarian diets including vegan diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases”.
The study concludes by stating that “restricting animal products while increasing healthy plant-based foods intake facilitates T2D prevention. To neutralize worldwide the burden of T2D and its devastating complications, animal products consumption should be limited or discontinued.”
You can find more information on this study by clicking here.